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Abbreviations and glossary

APVMA—Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority

AR—Anticoagulant rodenticides – compound that blocks the vitamin K cycle, resulting in the inability to produce essential blood-clotting factors.

Half-life—The period of time required for the concentration or amount of drug to be reduced by one half.

LD50 (lethal dose 50% or median lethal dose)—The dose of a compound required to kill half of the members of a tested population over a specified time frame. Oral LD50 is measured in mg of toxin per kg of bodyweight of the animal.

Neophobic—The behavioural tendency to dislike new or novel things.

Neophilic—The behavioural tendency to explore or investigate new or novel things.

NRB—Abbreviated term for norbormide.

PSM—Abbreviated term for plant secondary metabolites – specialised compounds produced by plants that do not aid in growth and development but are required for plant survival.

SGAR—Second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide – class of ARs with greater potency and a longer half-life than first-generation ARs, enabling these compounds to be effective against resistant rodent strains.

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